Archive for October 26, 2020

Define Computer Science so CS Departments include CS Ed

The CSEd Grad website and research project is supporting growth of research in CS education by supporting pathways for CSEd graduate students. I am excited to be speaking at their conference in a couple weeks (see program here), in a Q&A session with Dr. Amy Ko.

Where would you expect that pathway to lead? Where would you expect faculty working in CS Education research to have their academic home? Education? Information? Computer Science?

If we want to see computer science departments include CS education research, then we have to define computer science in a way that includes computing education research. My favorite definition of computer science is the first one published, in 1967 from Allen Newell, Alan Perlis, and Herbert Simon (all three Turing Award laureates, and Simon is also a Nobel laureate). They say that: Computer science is the study of the phenomena surrounding computers. Helping people to learn what computation is and how to program falls within that definition — it’s part of the phenomena surrounding computers. Some historians, like Nathan Ensmenger (see post here), have suggested that the lack of investment and innovation in CS education influenced the direction of CS research.

Most definitions of computer science are not as broad as that. CSTA, Code.org, and ECEP have just come out with a new report on the state of CS Education in the United States (see report here). The definition they use (see K-12 Framework page here): “the study of computers and algorithmic processes, including their principles, their hardware and software designs, their implementation, and their impact on society” This definition includes fields like social computing and human-computer interaction, but doesn’t include the study of how people learn about computing. That’s a little ironic, that a report promoting CS education is promoting a definition that keeps education out of CS.

The definition matters when decisions are made on the basis of it. A popular website that ranks CS departments around the world, CSRankings.org, does not include CS education. I wrote my Blog@CACM post this month on my critique of CSRankings.org (see post here). I am opposed to it because it’s America-first, anti-progressive, and anti-interdisciplinarity. People make decisions based on CSRankings.org. Graduate students use it to pick departments to apply to. Recommendation letters reference CSRankings.org for what is quality CS. If people use CSRankings.org to determine what “counts” (for attracting students, for promotion and tenure), then CS education literally doesn’t count. Researchers in CS education are at a disadvantage if their work doesn’t help their department in influential rankings.

Let’s define computer science to reflect our values long-term. Where do we build a home for CS education researchers in the future?

October 26, 2020 at 9:00 pm 8 comments


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